Watch out! Other Serious Academic Integrity Violations
Overview and Objectives:
This section describes other types of violations that might occur. They may seem obvious to some students, but not everyone is aware that they are unacceptable.
Upon completion of this section, you should be able to:
- Identify examples of unauthorized study aids
- Explain why you can not submit work previously used without permission
- List examples of facilitating academic dishonesty
Unauthorized Use of Study Aids in an Exam:
The obvious examples of unauthorized study aids are:
- Bringing notes or a crib sheet into an exam that does not allow outside materials
- Programming equations into a calculator when the instructor has clearly indicated that you’re to be tested on your recall of those same equations
- Using any electronic device which allows you to look up or calculate answers or to communicate with someone else outside the room
This type of academic integrity violation can be confusing. Different instructors may have their own expectations of what constitutes an ‘authorized’ vs. ‘unauthorized’ study aid. You can avoid this type of academic integrity violation by assuming all work submitted for credit is to be completed without using any materials unless they were described in the course syllabus or on the individual assignment instructions. If there is any doubt, you should ask the instructor before using study aids to complete an assignment.
Unauthorized Test Possession, Purchase or Supplying
Some offenses in this category are obviously dishonest. For example:
- Theft of a copy of an exam from a departmental or faculty office
- Purchase of a copy of an exam obtained surreptitiously from a duplicating facility.
In other cases, it may not be as clear that possession is unauthorized. For example, you might obtain a copy of an old exam from a friend without realizing that the friend had failed to return the exam to his instructor as required.
In online courses, answer keys are sometimes provided immediately after you have submitted an exam, but copying or sharing such an answer key, or allowing someone else to do so, would be a breach of academic integrity.
Before accepting any test materials prior to an exam, you should make every effort to be sure that these materials have been made available to all students in the course with the instructor's awareness and permission.
Submitting Work Previously Used without Receiving the Instructor’s Permission
You should not submit work completed in another course or assignment without first receiving the instructor's permission.
By turning in a work that originated as the result of a previous learning experience, you’re essentially earning credit for a second experience that never happened. Although you’re not misappropriating another person’s intellectual property, you would be misrepresenting your learning, which makes this an act of academic dishonesty.
That means that without instructor permission, you cannot:
- Change the title of an essay submitted in a class in the previous year and submit it for a current class.
- Take a paper from one class, add new material, and turn it in for a second class.
- Copy several paragraphs from a previous assignment, slightly revise them, and insert them in a new assignment.
- Cut a table from a lab report in a chemistry class in the same semester and inserts it in a research paper in a second class.
In some cases an instructor will grant you permission to submit work that originated in another course or even in the same class (e.g., the instructor tells you to revise a paper and resubmit it for additional credit). You accept full responsibility for understanding the faculty members’ instructions and must follow them completely.
Facilitating Academic Dishonesty:
Facilitating Academic Dishonesty is defined as “purposely assisting another student with an assignment(s) by providing them with unauthorized/unapproved access to information related to the assignment or by providing them with previously completed work for the purpose of submitting it as their own.”
This basically means, you can’t help someone else cheat, copy, or otherwise commit an academic integrity violation. This could play out in a variety of ways. All of them are in themselves academic integrity violations:
- Permitting another student to copy from an exam or assignment
- Providing a previously completed assignment to another student to submit as their own work
- Completing an assignment for another student and allowing them to submit it as their own work
- Providing information about an exam to another student who has not yet taken the exam
Altering Exams or Assignments:
You cannot change the content of an exam or an assignment that has already been graded. This violation may take many forms, including the following:
- Changing incorrect answers and requesting a favorable grade adjustment when instructor returns graded assignments/exams for review.
- Changing the letter and/or numerical grade on an exam/assignment after the instructor has assigned the final grade.
- Obtaining the exam of a classmate who received a higher grade than you, changing the name to your own, and then asking that your grade be changed to the more favorable grade.
Again, you're smart!! You don't need to do any of these things to be successful!!